Teaching Resource records
https://feeds.library.caltech.edu/people/Stuart-A-M/teaching_resource.rss
A Caltech Library Repository Feedhttp://www.rssboard.org/rss-specificationpython-feedgenenSat, 13 Apr 2024 00:18:47 +0000Data Assimilation and Inverse Problems
https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190404-111038658
Authors: {'items': [{'id': 'Stuart-A-M', 'name': {'family': 'Stuart', 'given': 'Andrew'}}, {'id': 'Taeb-A', 'name': {'family': 'Taeb', 'given': 'Armeen'}, 'orcid': '0000-0002-5647-3160'}]}
Year: 2019
DOI: 10.48550/arXiv.1810.06191
These notes are designed with the aim of providing a clear and concise introduction to the subjects of Inverse Problems and Data Assimilation, and their inter-relations, together with citations to some relevant literature in this area. The first half of the notes is dedicated to studying the Bayesian framework for inverse problems. Techniques such as importance sampling and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods are introduced; these methods have the desirable property that in the limit of an infinite number of samples they reproduce the full posterior distribution. Since it is often computationally intensive to implement these methods, especially in high dimensional problems, approximate techniques such as approximating the posterior by a Dirac or a Gaussian distribution are discussed. The second half of the notes cover data assimilation. This refers to a particular class of inverse problems in which the unknown parameter is the initial condition of a dynamical system, and in the stochastic dynamics case the subsequent states of the system, and the data comprises partial and noisy observations of that (possibly stochastic) dynamical system. We will also demonstrate that methods developed in data assimilation may be employed to study generic inverse problems, by introducing an artificial time to generate a sequence of probability measures interpolating from the prior to the posterior.https://authors.library.caltech.edu/records/38ac2-za747