Combined Feed
https://feeds.library.caltech.edu/people/Choi-Jeesoon/combined.rss
A Caltech Library Repository Feedhttp://www.rssboard.org/rss-specificationpython-feedgenenTue, 16 Apr 2024 15:07:38 +0000Dynamics and Energy Extraction of a Surging and Plunging Airfoil at Low Reynolds Number
https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190712-112321331
Authors: {'items': [{'id': 'Choi-Jeesoon', 'name': {'family': 'Choi', 'given': 'Jeesoon'}}, {'id': 'Colonius-T', 'name': {'family': 'Colonius', 'given': 'Tim'}, 'orcid': '0000-0003-0326-3909'}, {'id': 'Williams-D', 'name': {'family': 'Williams', 'given': 'David'}}]}
Year: 2013
DOI: 10.2514/6.2013-672
We investigate the unsteady aerodynamic forces and energy transfer associated with harmonic surging (streamwise) and plunging (transverse) motion of a thin airfoil at low Reynolds number. Two-dimensional unsteady flows are simulated over a large range of amplitude and reduced-frequency of the oscillatory motion using the immersed boundary projection method, and the computational results are compared to inviscid flow models and experiments. At low angle of attack there is reasonable agreement with inviscid theory for the amplitude and phase of lift fluctuations, despite the low Reynolds number. At high angle of attack, the separated flow leads to larger lift and drag fluctuations not captured by inviscid models. At frequencies below the vortex shedding frequency, lift fluctuations are first enhanced and then attenuated depending on the phase between the freestream velocity and the forming leading-edge vortex. Resonance with the vortex shedding frequency also occurs. The time-averaged forces and power supplied by the oscillating airfoil are also evaluated to find frequency ranges that are favorable for the airfoil.https://authors.library.caltech.eduhttps://authors.library.caltech.edu/records/d9vec-4a623Surging and plunging oscillations of an airfoil at low Reynolds number
https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150420-134149863
Authors: {'items': [{'id': 'Choi-Jeesoon', 'name': {'family': 'Choi', 'given': 'Jeesoon'}}, {'id': 'Colonius-T', 'name': {'family': 'Colonius', 'given': 'Tim'}, 'orcid': '0000-0003-0326-3909'}, {'id': 'Williams-D-R', 'name': {'family': 'Williams', 'given': 'David R.'}}]}
Year: 2015
DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2014.674
We investigate the forces and unsteady flow structures associated with harmonic oscillations of an airfoil in the streamwise (surging) and transverse (plunging) directions in two-dimensional simulations at low Reynolds number. For the surging case, we show that there are specific frequencies where the wake instability synchronizes with the unsteady motion of the airfoil, leading to significant changes in the mean forces. Resonant behaviour of the time-averaged forces is observed near the vortex shedding frequency and its subharmonic; the behaviour is reminiscent of the dynamics of the generic nonlinear oscillator known as the Arnol'd tongue or the resonance horn. Below the wake instability frequency, there are two regimes where the fluctuating forces are amplified and attenuated, respectively. A detailed study of the flow structures associated with leading-edge vortex (LEV) growth and detachment are used to relate this behaviour with the LEV acting either in phase with the quasi-steady component of the forces for the amplification case, or out of phase for the attenuation case. Comparisons with wind tunnel measurements show that phenomenologically similar dynamics occur at higher Reynolds number. Finally, we show that qualitatively similar phenomena occur during both surging and plunging.https://authors.library.caltech.eduhttps://authors.library.caltech.edu/records/wb377-d7a14An empirical correlation between lift and the properties of leading-edge vortices
https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210603-160013203
Authors: {'items': [{'id': 'Jardin-Thierry', 'name': {'family': 'Jardin', 'given': 'T.'}, 'orcid': '0000-0001-9704-2984'}, {'id': 'Choi-Jeesoon', 'name': {'family': 'Choi', 'given': 'J.'}}, {'id': 'Colonius-T', 'name': {'family': 'Colonius', 'given': 'T.'}, 'orcid': '0000-0003-0326-3909'}]}
Year: 2021
DOI: 10.1007/s00162-021-00567-x
Using data from numerical simulations, we show that the lift experienced by both impulsively started and surging airfoils correlates well with the sum of the circulation of the leading-edge vortices truncated at the trailing edge. Therefore, we suggest that reasonable estimates of the lift can be obtained using only two vortex parameters, i.e., its circulation and its position. In addition to being convenient for non-intrusive estimation of forces from PIV measurements, we show that this approach can be used to derive low-order models for the analysis of vortex-lift configurations. In particular, we apply this correlation to model high-amplitude surging, which allows us to quantify the effect of wake-capture mechanisms and to determine the flow parameters that drive optimal lift.https://authors.library.caltech.eduhttps://authors.library.caltech.edu/records/htf3g-dcx05