Phd records
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https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:05282018-130631568
Authors: {'items': [{'email': 'aechatwi@gmail.com', 'id': 'Chatwin-Davies-Aidan-Émile', 'name': {'family': 'Chatwin-Davies', 'given': 'Aidan Émile'}, 'orcid': '0000-0003-1406-9271', 'show_email': 'NO'}]}
Year: 2018
DOI: 10.7907/ZD4W-4C63
<p>Formulating a universally satisfactory theory of quantum gravity is a long-standing open problem in theoretical physics. Relatively recently, the use of techniques from quantum information has emerged as a powerful tool for analyzing phenomena that lie at the intersection of quantum theory and gravitation. This thesis describes several advances and novel proposals that were made regarding information theoretic aspects of quantum gravity in three broad areas: holography, cosmology, and the black hole information problem.</p>
<p>Regarding holography, we first assess the differences between typical holographic states and fully random states. Next, we show that determining Ryu-Takayanagi surfaces in AdS<sub>3</sub>/CFT<sub>2</sub> is computationally easy from a complexity-theoretic standpoint. Finally, we identify precise consistency conditions that constrain the validity of an early tensor network model for the AdS/CFT correspondence that uses the Multiscale Entanglement Renormalization Ansatz (MERA).</p>
<p>Regarding cosmology, we propose an alternative interpretation of the MERA as a discretization of de Sitter spacetime. Next, we return to holographic ideas and show that an appropriately-defined Generalized Second Law implies a cosmic no-hair theorem for certain classes of cosmological spacetimes. Finally, we advance an information-theoretic proposal for calculating the signature of a quantum gravity-motivated, fully covariant, natural ultraviolet cutoff in the spectrum of inflationary perturbations.</p>
<p>Regarding the black hole information problem, we begin by exhibiting a simple protocol which, under highly specific circumstances, allows one to retrieve a single qubit from a black hole. Next, we propose an operational resolution of the black hole information problem in which observers who enter the black hole could never detect an inconsistency between their experiences and quantum mechanics due to the finite amount of time available before reaching the central singularity. Finally, we discuss a proposal to understand the emergence of an ensemble of definite geometries during the process of black hole evaporation as a decoherence process, as well as its implications for the black hole information problem.</p>https://thesis.library.caltech.edu/id/eprint/10954