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A Caltech Library Repository Feedhttp://www.rssboard.org/rss-specificationpython-feedgenenSat, 13 Apr 2024 01:01:52 +0000Basic Concepts Underlying Singular Perturbation Techniques
https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:LAGsiamrev72
Authors: {'items': [{'id': 'Lagerstrom-P-A', 'name': {'family': 'Lagerstrom', 'given': 'P. A.'}}, {'id': 'Casten-R-G', 'name': {'family': 'Casten', 'given': 'R. G.'}}]}
Year: 1972
DOI: 10.1137/1014002
In many singular perturbation problems multiple scales are used. For instance, one may use both the coordinate x and the coordinate x^* = ε^(-1)x. In a secular-type problem x and x^* are used simultaneously. This paper discusses layer-type problems in which x^* is used in a thin layer and x outside this layer. Assume one seeks approximations to a function f(x,ε), uniformly valid to some order in ε for x in a closed interval D. In layer-type problems one uses (at least) two expansions (called inner and outer) neither of which is uniformly valid but whose domains of validity together cover the interval D. To define "domain of validity" one needs to consider intervals whose endpoints depend on epsilon. In the construction of the inner and outer expansions, constants and functions of e occur which are determined by comparison of the two expansions "matching." The comparison is possible only in the domain of overlap of their regions of validity. Once overlap is established, matching is easily carried out. Heuristic ideas for determining domains of validity of approximations by a study of the corresponding equations are illustrated with the aid of model equations. It is shown that formally small terms in an equation may have large integrated effects. The study of this is of central importance for understanding layer-type problems. It is emphasized that considering the expansions as the result of applying limit processes can lead to serious errors and, in any case, hides the nature of the expansions.https://authors.library.caltech.eduhttps://authors.library.caltech.edu/records/y0et2-vnc12