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A Caltech Library Repository Feedhttp://www.rssboard.org/rss-specificationpython-feedgenenMon, 15 Apr 2024 14:59:49 +0000Earthquake response of building-foundation systems
https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechEERL:1971.EERL-71-04
Authors: {'items': [{'id': 'Bielak-Jacobo', 'name': {'family': 'Bielak', 'given': 'Jacobo'}}]}
Year: 1971
The influence of a deformable foundation on the response of buildings to earthquake motion is examined. The study is divided into two parts; the vibration of the base of the building on the foundation medium, and the response of the whole building-foundation system.
Studied first are the forced horizontal, rocking and vertical harmonic oscillations of a rigid disc bonded to an elastic half-space, which is considered as a mathematical model for the soil. The problem, formulated in terms of dual integral equations, is reduced to a system of Fredholm integral equations of the second kind. For the limiting static case these equations yield a closed form solution in agreement with that obtained by others.
Using the force-deflection relations for the base, the equations of motion of linear building-foundation systems are solved by both direct and transform methods. It is shown that, under assumptions which appear to be physically reasonable, the earthquake response of the interaction system reduces to the linear superposition of the responses of damped, linear one-degree-of-freedom oscillators subjected to modified excitations. This result is valid even for systems that do not possess classical normal modes. Explicit approximations in terms of the parameters of the system are obtained for the dynamic properties of the one-degree-of -freedom oscillator which is equivalent to a single story building -foundation system. For multi-story buildings it is shown that the effect of an elastic foundation, as measured by the change in the natural frequencies of the building, is negligible for modes higher than the first for many types of building structures.https://authors.library.caltech.eduhttps://authors.library.caltech.edu/records/c4ak4-bae61Dynamics of building-soil interaction
https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140812-110158028
Authors: {'items': [{'id': 'Jennings-P-C', 'name': {'family': 'Jennings', 'given': 'Paul C.'}}, {'id': 'Bielak-Jacobo', 'name': {'family': 'Bielak', 'given': 'Jacobo'}}]}
Year: 1973
In this study of the dynamics of building-soil interaction, the soil is modeled by a linear elastic half-space, and the building structure by an n-degree-of-freedom oscillator. Both earthquake response and steady-state response to sinusoidal excitation are examined. By assuming that the interaction system possesses n+2 significant resonant frequencies, the response of the system is reduced to the superposition of the responses of damped linear oscillators subjected to modified excitations. The results are valid even though the interaction systems do not possess classical normal modes. For the special cases of single-story systems and the first modes of n-story systems, simplified approximate formulas are developed for the modified natural frequency and damping ratio and for the modified excitation. Example calculations are carried out by the approximate and more exact analysis for one-story, two-story and ten-story interaction systems.
The results show that interaction tends to decrease all resonant frequencies, but that the effects are often significant only for the fundamental mode for many n-story structures and are more pronounced for rocking than for translation. If the fixed-base structure has damping, the effects of interaction on the earthquake responses are not always conservative, and an increase or decrease in the response can occur, depending on the parameters of the system.https://authors.library.caltech.eduhttps://authors.library.caltech.edu/records/yej0c-ch956